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History & Culture

Rheingau was already a magnet to English and German romantics in the early nineteenth century. Churches of different architecture, magnificent castles, an Electoral Palace as well as the Cistercian monastery Eberbach still transport visitors into the past.
The excellent architectural variety positively demands cultural events – and this demand is met. With a multitude of splendid events from all cultural sectors, Wiesbaden and the region have long made a name for themselves and are proud to count a large number of regular visitors among their guests. The Rheingau Music Festival with its consistently excellent programme has long become a tradition, is known beyond the boundaries of the region and is a permanent fixture in the event calendar of national and international music-lovers. The same goes for the International May Theatre Festival in Wiesbaden. and the Theatre Biennial also attracts attention..
The brilliantly coloured spectacle with the largest procession of ships in Europe has a long tradition and is the largest and oldest firework display in Germany. Every year bengal fireworks bathe the villages, castles and chateaux along the Rhine in romantic light and delight the spectators.
“A cultural landscape of great variety and beauty”: these were the words with which UNESCO honoured the cultural landscape of the Upper Middle Rhine Valley, which was added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 2002. The World Heritage Site Upper Middle Rhine Valley, which is deemed the most prominent section of the river, was added to the list of World Heritage Sites to be representative for the whole of the Rhine.
The richness of the landscape and the varied cultural products are the reasons why this section of river, in which excellent monuments are to be found in numbers and densities not seen in any other European cultural landscape, is so fascinating. No wonder then that the epitome of the “romantic Rhine” has inspired not only writers but also musicians and painters to world-famous works.
At a length of 550 kilometres, the Limes, which was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 2005, is the largest ground monument in Europe. The Roman frontier fortifications with forts, watchtowers and palisades once protected the territory of the Romans from the free Germanic tribes. According to today’s regional boundaries, the Limes flows through the four federal states of Rhineland-Palatinate, Hessen, Baden-Wuerttemberg and Bavaria and is listed by UNESCO with Hadrian’s Wall in England as the international World Heritage Site “Frontiers of the Roman Empire”.